is professor emeritus in the PhD program in Political Science at the Graduate Center, CUNY. Among his 6 books are: Cooperatives Confront Capitalism: Challenging the Neo Liberal Economy, (London: Zed Books, 2016, (Cooperativas Frente Al Capitalismo: Desafiando a La Economía Neoliberal, Buenos Aires: Editorial Callao, 2018) and Argentine Workers: Peronism and Contemporary Class Consciousness (U of Pittsburgh Press, 1992). Talk abstract: The federal governments of Argentina and the United States lend themselves to local and community-based activism that can challenge national corporate capital alliances. There is the noteworthy predominance of provincial and municipal support for cooperatives highlighted in both the province of Buenos Aires and the capital city of Buenos Aires. The major impact of the Zanon Cooperative in Neuquén Province in Argentina provides another clear example of the power and impact of local and community-based development. In Spain, the regionalism and Basque autonomy surrounding Mondragon’s history of cooperative evolution is a prime example of this type of development. We see that in Cuba, cooperative developments are focused on provincial rather than national initiatives, especially in the newly formed provinces of Artemisa and Mayabeque. In the United States it has been cooperative developments aided by local city councils and mayors in New York City, Madison, Wisconsin, San Francisco, Cleveland, Ohio, Austin, Texas, Richmond, California that have led the way. In Argentina, Cuba, the United States and from testimony elsewhere, there is evidence that workers within cooperatives understand capitalism from within its workings and are more geared than their fellow workers to combat and struggle against it. They have shown this by their propensity to confront capitalist exploitation wherever it exists in society and in all walks of life. The cooperatives allow the laborer and the employee to fulfill their potential as a worker, yes but also as a thinker, a critic and a leader